History of Parliament of India-English

History of Parliament of India

 

History of parliament of India

Overview

  • On the off chance that you are looking for the History of the Parliament of India, you have come to the perfect locations. You can see more about the Indian Parliament here.
  • The Indian Parliament is a council of the Government of India. Parliament of India is a get together comprising of two unique bodies. The State Council and the Lok Sabha.
  • It is led by the President. The President has outright abilities to gather, conclude and disintegrate Parliament.
  • The powers of the President can be practiced on the exhortation of the Prime Minister and his reliant pastors.
  • Members of Parliament are those who are elected or nominated by the President to both the Houses of Parliament.
  • The members of the Lok Sabha in the Parliament are elected by public election of India in a member district and the members of Parliament.
  • The Rajya Sabha are elected by proportional representation by all members of the State Legislature.
  • There are a total of 543 members in the Lok Sabha and a total of 245 members in the Rajya Sabha, out of which 12 are experts in various fields like arts and science and literature.
  • Parliament has been convened at the Parliament House in New Delhi. 
  • Originally called the House of Parliament, it was designed by British Architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker as part of their broad mandate to be an administrative capital for British India from 1912 to 1913.
  • The parliamentary phase began in 1921 and was completed in 1927. 
  • The Parliament House or Parliament House is one of the most impressive buildings in Delhi.
  • The Parliament House toward the finish of Parliament Street was planned by British modelers Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. The building was inaugurated around 1927 by the then Governor-General, Mr. Lord Irwin.

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  • The House of Commons has a circular, 98-foot diameter central hall. The Central Hall is considered the most important place in the Parliament House as it is the seat of the Parliament of India.
  • The building houses the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the library. 
  • There is a garden between these three rooms.
  • The building also houses the ministers to reside in the parliamentary committee, the chief ministers of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, the chief ministers, key officials of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. 
  • It was created in 1861 by the Councils Act of 1861 and was dissolved in 1947 when India gained independence.
  • After independence, the Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India, with its members serving as the country’s first parliament.
  • In 1950, the constitution which was made led to the dissolution of the house and the modern parliament which is still functioning today.

House of Parliament

  • Parliament House (Parliament Building) is situated in New Delhi. It was designed by architects Mr Edwin Lutyens and Mr Herbert Beck, who are responsible for the planning and construction of New Delhi by the British Government, the House of Commons, the State Council and the House of Princes.
  • The building took about six years to complete and was inaugurated on January 18, 1927 by the then Viceroy, the Governor General of India, Lord Irwin.
  • The development cost of the structure was 8.3 million.
  • The Parliament House is about 21 meters (70 ft) high, 170 meters (560 ft) in diameter and 2.29 hectares in area.
  • The Central Hall of the Parliament consists of the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the Library Hall.
  • Surrounding these three rooms is a four-storey circular structure that houses the members and houses for parliamentary committees, offices and the ministry of parliamentary affairs. 

General Body of Parliament

  • The center and center of the building is the Central Hall. It has chambers for the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the library hall, and between them are the estate courts.
  • Surrounding these three chambers is a four-storey circular structure to house ministers, leaders, parliamentary committees, party offices, the main offices of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha secretariat and the offices of the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.
  • The central hall of Parliament is circular and the tower is 30 meters (98 ft) in diameter. Considered to be the most important place in history. Central Hall of Parliament was previously used as the library of the old Central Legislature and Council of State.
  • In 1946, it was converted and renovated into the Hall of the Judicial Council. The Central Hall is currently used to hold joint sittings of both the Houses of Parliament and to address the President at the beginning of the first session after each general election.
  • The first Lok Sabha in India was formed on 17 April 1952 after the first general election. The first Lok Sabha lasted a full term of five years and was dissolved on 4 April 1957. The 1st meeting of the Lok Sabha started on 13 May 1952.
  • Parliament is the supreme legislative body of India. The Parliament consists of two – the President has the power to summon the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha and to adjourn or dissolve the Lok Sabha.
  • The Judiciary of India came into force on 26 January 1950.

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The first general election under the Constitution was held from 1951 to 1952.

  • The first Lok Sabha came into force in April 1952.
  • The Second Lok Sabha came into force in April 1957.
  • The Third Lok Sabha came into force in April 1962.
  • The Fourth Lok Sabha came into force in March 1967.
  • The Fifth Lok Sabha came into force in March 1971.
  • The Sixth Lok Sabha came into force in March 1977.
  • The Seventh Lok Sabha came into force in January 1980.
  • The Eighth Lok Sabha came into force in December 1984.
  • The Ninth Lok Sabha came into force in December 1989.
  • The Tenth Lok Sabha came into force in June 1991.
  • The Eleventh Lok Sabha came into force in May 1996.
  • The Twelfth Lok Sabha came into force in March 1998.
  • The Thirteenth Lok Sabha came into force in October 1999.
  • The Fourteenth Lok Sabha came into force in May 2004.
  • The Fifteenth Lok Sabha came into force in April 2009.
  • The Sixteenth Lok Sabha came into force in May 2014.
  • The Seventeenth Lok Sabha came into force in May 2019.

Rajya Sabha 

  • The number of members in the Rajya Sabha should not be less than 250. – The Rajya Sabha has 238 members to represent the States and Union Territories and 12 members nominated by the President. The Rajya Sabha is an extremely durable body and isn’t dependent upon disintegration.
  • Also, 33% of the current individuals resign consistently year and are supplanted by recently chose individuals. Each member will be elected once every six years.
  • The Vice President of India is the authority Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
  • The council also elects a vice president from among its members. The senior minister, a member of the Rajya Sabha, is appointed by the Prime Minister to chair them.
  • Also known as the Rajya Sabha, which was announced by the Speaker on August 8, 1954. The origins of the second chamber can be traced back to the 1918 Montek-Chelmsford Report.
  • Launched in 1921. COVERNER-GENERAL was the official chairman of the then State Council. In 1935, there was no change in its structure.
  • The Constituent Assembly, which met on December 9, 1946, also functioned as the Federal Assembly until 1950, when it was transformed into an ‘Provisional Parliament’.
  • The Central Assembly, then known as the Legislative Assembly and later the Provisional Parliament, was the only body during this period until the first elections in 1952.
  • The use of a second chamber in independent India or otherwise was discussed extensively in the Assembly, and in the end it was decided that independent India should have two legislatures, mainly a federal system considered the most viable form of government.
  • A vast country with diversity. It was felt that a directly elected assembly was not enough to meet the challenges facing independent India.
  • Therefore, the second chamber, called the ‘STATE COUNCIL’, was created with a completely different structure and electoral system from the directly elected people’s forum.
  • It was considered another room with fewer members than the Lok Sabha (People’s House).
  • It should be the Federal Chamber, that is, an assembly elected by the elected members of the legislatures of the states and two union territories which are not given equal representation.
  • Arrangements were made for the President to appoint twelve members to the Council, in addition to the elected members.
  • The minimum age for membership of the Lower House against the age of twenty-five was fixed at thirty years. By making the Vice-Chairman, who presides over the sessions of the Rajya Sabha, the former Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, an element of dignity and honor was added to the Council of States.

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Organizational Rules Relating to The Rajya Sabha

  • Article 80 of the Constitution sets the maximum strength of the state legislature at 250, of which 12 members are nominated by the president, 238 of whom represent the states and two union territories. 
  • The current strength of the Rajya Sabha is 245, of which 233 are representatives from Delhi and Pondicherry states and Union Territories and 12 are nominated by the President. 
  • The individuals designated by the President in the Rajya Sabha are those with particular information and useful involvement with writing, science, human expression and social assistance.

Lok Sabha

  • The Lok Sabha is made up of representatives of the people elected by direct election on the basis of global adult suffrage. The maximum strength of the Assembly is 552 members – 530 members to represent the States, 20 members to represent the Union Territories and 2 members nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian community. Currently, the strength of the church is 543.
  • The Lok Sabha is made up of representatives of the people directly elected by adult suffrage. The maximum strength of the House as expected by the Constitution is 552 members.
  • It should not exceed 530 members to represent the States, 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian community.
  • Nominated by the Honorable President, in his / her opinion, if that community is not adequately represented in the Assembly.
  • The total number of elected members is set between the states so that the number of seats allotted to each state in India and the ratio between the population of the state is practically the same for all the states.

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